Reflection on Unit 1 – Lecture 1

Reflection on Unit 1 – Lecture 1
What is Information Systems?

What are the most significant things I have learned during this session?

(Kreps, 2016) explains the following:
Data is captured in various ways, using a keyboard or mouse. In its raw state as numbers and letters, data is useless and has no meaning.

To become information, data must go through a restructuring system of some kind to make it meaningful.

Information used in business decisions is important and often rare.
While information is important it must entered accurately, stored safely, maintained correctly, made available to authorized people and when no longer important, archived and then deleted.

Information in a business must be relevant, accurate, available in timely cycles, concise, yet with enough detail to assist in decision making and reduce confusion.

Information systems in academia were initially positivist (mathematical, quantitively) then with the social sciences influence on the discipline, it became interpretivist (qualitative, social) and lately, it is critical with tendencies towards ‘greener IT’.

Legal issues of privacy, intellectual property and data security. Business IT strategy must comply with the country in which the business is trading.

The speed at which Information Technology advances creates challenges for most businesses.

Examples of new technologies which are or will disrupt businesses in the future. Mobile computing, Big Data, Artificial intelligence, Internet of things, Cloud computing, Platform as a service, Infrastructure as a service and Software as a service, E-commerce.

What question(s) remain uppermost in my mind?
What does the business process model represent?
Differences between information systems and information technology?

Is there anything I did not understand?
Pragmatic processes versus rigorous paradigms.

References:
Kreps, D. (2016). Information Systems (February 2019) Lectures. Retrieved from https://campus.college.ch/courses/syllabus/2918

What is IS? HowTo see the detail: Right click on the Picture and Open in a New Tab to allow for zoom function 🙂

Reflection on Unit 1 – Lecture 2

Reflection on Unit 1 – Lecture 2
How System theory has evolved through history.
What are the most significant things I have learned in this session?
(Kreps, 2016) explains the following:
At the beginning of system theory, animals/ humans/ nature and machines were all considered self-balancing systems. More recently the observer (the person documenting the system) has had an influence on all systems other than machines.
Machines can still be manufactured to be self-balancing.
Apartheid was considered a self-balancing system for race.
A system (person) in equilibrium was considered to be healthy whereas a system (person) out of equilibrium was considered to be ill.
First order cybernetics is mathematical (positivism).
Second order cybernetics is qualitative (interpretive).
What question(s) remain uppermost in my mind?
The historical order of things and the people associated with each step in the historical system progress.
How the second world war, before and after influenced system theory.
Is there anything I did not understand.
Hard system theory, soft system theory and complex theory.
References:
Kreps, D. (2016). Information Systems (February 2019) Lectures. Retrieved from https://campus.college.ch/courses/syllabus/2918

System Thinking: HowTo see the detail: Right click on the Picture and Open in a New Tab to allow for zoom function 🙂